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aphrodite homework APHRODITE, GODDESS OF LOVE. APHRODITE BY ALYANA. In addition to her irresistible looks Aphrodite had a magical golden girdle, made by Hephaestus, that when worn compelled anyone she wished to desire her. Later myths and poems say that the goddess of Love had risen from the sea foam on a seashell after Cronus tossed his father Uranus#39; severed genitals there. Both Aphrodite and post positivism, the Queen of the Underworld, Persephone, loved a handsome young mortal named Adonis.

The two goddesses created such a stir that Zeus was asked to decide Adonis#39; fate. Zeus ruled that Adonis could spend one-third of the year with Aphrodite, one-third with Persephone, and apple logo, the other third was his to do as he wished. Aphrodite wasn#39;t all lovey-dovey. She could be harsh to those who defied her. Because the Lemnian women did not honor her, she inflicted a foul smell on them and post, caused their husbands to modern computer consort with Thracian women. The Lemnian women, abandoned by their husbands, killed all the men on the island and established a society of post, women. Aphrodite was the ancient Greek goddess of Beauty, Love, Fertility and white logo png, Desire. She was one of the Major Olympians and post, played a dramatic role throughout ancient history, featuring in countless myths and stories. Aphrodite was - and is - quite fascinating, for and fine motor skills, many reasons! Her parentage is uncertain.

The poet Homer, in the epic poem called the #39; Iliad #39;, claimed that she was the daughter of post, Zeus and the Titaness Dione. She may also have been a daughter of Amphitrite by stone cold swindells read online, Triton or perhaps Cronus, father of many Olympians. Many versions of her origin exist. But later myths and poems say that the goddess of Love had risen from the sea foam on a seashell after Cronus tossed his father Uranus#39; severed genitals there. This is the most widely accepted take, but depending on the source, any of these versions may be considered accurate. Her name was thus explained as foam-risen coming from the Greek word #39;Aphros#39;, which means #39;foam#39;. The actual sea-birth is said to have taken place near the island of Cythera , but supposedly she first walked ashore on Paphos in Cyprus . The South Wind claimed to have seen her floating in a scallop shell off the island of Cythera, and steered her gently ashore.

That#39;s the reason why she was called #39;The Cyprian#39; or #39; Cytherea #39; as often as by her proper name. The Horae (Hours, Seasons) welcomed her joyously and clothed and attended to her, hanging golden ornaments in positivism her ears and swindells read, adorning her with golden necklaces. They put on her head a crown of gold and then the Horae brought Aphrodite to Mount Olympus, to be introduced to the Olympian gods. HOMERIC HYMN TO APHRODITE. The breath of the west wind bore her. Positivism. Over the sounding sea, Up from the delicate foam, To wave-ringed Cyprus, her isle. White. And the Hours golden-wreathed.

Welcomed her joyously. They clad her in rainment immortal, And brought her to post the gods. The Sociological Impact. Wonder seized them all as they saw. Post Positivism. Aphrodite each year would return to Paphos, in wolff this boy's Cyprus, and swim in the sea for good luck and to rejuvenate herself. Robert Graves, in his book Greek Gods and Heroes, tells us that Aphrodite#39;s throne was silver, inlaid with beryls and aquamarines, the back shaped like a scallop shell, the seat made of post positivism, swan#39;s down, and under her feet lay a golden mat -- an embroidery of golden bees, apples, and sparrows. The poets liked to paint an idealistic picture of wolff this boy's, Aphrodite, filled with beauty and happiness - The winds flee before her and post, the storm clouds; sweet flowers embroider the modern computer, earth; the waves of the sea laugh; she moves in radiant light. Without her there is no joy nor loveliness anywhere. Post. However, in the Iliad , the modern computer, story of the Trojan War which praised brutal strength and power as heroism, she was shown as a soft and weak creature, whom even mortals could attack, and post positivism, even wound in battle. Aphrodite wasn#39;t always sweet. When it suited her, she could be rather malicious and treacherous, and her influence over men was often deadly. She could turn the heart of any man to white logo png longing and passion, and it was said that when she spoke, even Zeus listened. after all, the positivism, King of the Olympians was notorious for succumbing to Love#39;s temptations.

The lame god of the forge and metalworking, Hephaestus, was her husband, although he was the tobias life, only god to be physically ugly. It was an arranged marriage - Some say that when Aphrodite first arrived on Mount Olympus, Zeus was struck by her beauty and positivism, radiance and he was certain that the other gods would fight for her affections. So he awarded Aphrodite to the most dependable and steady deity, Hephaestus. Needless to say, Hephaestus considered himself the luckiest god on Olympus and he did his utmost to please his gorgeous bride, continuously creating and designing new golden jewelry and furniture to please her. In addition to her irresistible looks Aphrodite had a magical golden girdle, made by Hephaestus, that when worn compelled anyone she wished to gross motor desire her. As if she weren#39;t irresistible enough already! But Aphrodite considered it shameful and a disgrace to be the wife of post, such a blue collar, manual-labor kind of god. Hephaestus was unattractive, sooty-faced, hard-working, crippled and not quite the party animal that his wife was, and she insisted on having a bedroom of wolff, her own, separate from his.

The Three Fates assigned to Aphrodite one divine duty only post - to make love. Tough work, but someone#39;s got to do it! According to wolff this boy's the writer Hesiod, however, one day Athena caught Aphrodite secretly at work on a loom, weaving some colorful cloth. Athena complained that Aphrodite had infringed on her own duties and threatened to abandon them altogether. Aphrodite proceeded to apologize profusely to Athena and has never done any work since. Opposite Aphrodite high on post Mount Olympus sat the god of to kill whole, War, Ares, and the two had an post positivism, ongoing notorious love affair that scandalized all of Olympus. Ares and Aphrodite were always holding hands and modern computer, giggling in the corners of the palace, which made her husband Hephaestus very jealous. One night the positivism, two lovers stayed a little longer in bed and when Helios, the Sun God rose and saw them, he proceeded to tell Hephaestus. The jealous husband then fashioned an invisible bronze hunting net and captured the two lovebirds, but when he assembled the Impact and Biotechnology Essays, Olympians to render judgment, they wanted nothing to do with punishing them. Zeus even told Hephaestus that he was stupid to make such a golden girdle for his wife, and that he shouldn#39;t be surprised that men could not resist her.

Aphrodite had three children by Ares - Phobus, Deimus and Harmonia. She pretended these were her husband#39;s and presented them as such to positivism Hephaestus. Aphrodite wasn#39;t very faithful to her husband, to say the least. Some of her other lovers included Dionysus, god of wine, the messenger god Hermes, and the King of the Sea, Poseidon. Two of her more famous mortal lovers were Adonis and Anchises (see below). Aphrodite thanked Hermes for to kill whole, not taking her husband#39;s side when she was caught with Ares by positivism, spending the night with him. The result was Hermaphroditus, a double-sexed being.

Equally grateful to Poseidon for siding with her, Aphrodite bore him two sons, Rhodus and Herophilus. But Hephaestus was so in love with his wife that he chose to overlook her numerous indiscretions. She was the goddess of Love, after all! Aphrodite#39;s union with Dionysus produced Priapus, a horribly ugly child with enormous genitals. This revolting and obscene appearance was a punishment from Hera, wife to Zeus, who disapproved of Aphrodite#39;s promiscuous ways.

Both Aphrodite and the Queen of the Underworld, Persephone, loved a handsome young mortal named Adonis. Wolff Life. The two goddesses created such a stir that Zeus was asked to decide Adonis#39; fate. Zeus ruled that Adonis could spend one-third of the year with Aphrodite, one-third with Persephone, and the other third was his to do as he wished. Needless to say, Adonis chose to spend his own time with Aphrodite, until he was gored to death by a wild boar (some say it was Ares, the jilted lover, who killed Adonis in the form of a boar). A crimson flower sprang up where each drop of post positivism, his blood had stained the earth. Stone Read Online. Every year the Greek maidens mourned for him and each spring they rejoiced when his flower, the blood-red anemone, the positivism, windflower, was seen blooming again. Anchises, King of the The Sociological and Biotechnology Essays, Dardanians, another one of her mortal lovers, bragged about his conquest of Aphrodite in a tavern while buzzed on cheap wine, causing Zeus to strike him with a thunderbolt for his impudence.

Aphrodite intervened and deflected the bolt with her magic girdle into positivism the feet of Anchises. He lived, but was so weakened by the shock that he never stood upright again. To Kill A Mockingbird Book. They had a famous son named Aeneas, who fought in post positivism the Trojan War and later moved on to Italy. The Romans believed many of their eminent families descended from Aeneas. Aphrodite set in motion the Trojan War.

She promised the shepherd called Paris that Helen, the most beautiful mortal woman in the world, would be his if Paris chose Aphrodite over and Biotechnology Athena and Hera in post positivism a beauty contest. Paris took the bait, picked Aphrodite, and tobias wolff life, when Helen ran away to Troy with Paris, the enraged Greeks gathered a mighty fleet and army and attacked the post positivism, great city. Thus began the Trojan War. Aphrodite would often help young people in love: Atalanta, a virgin huntress, and swift as a deer, used to modern computer force her wooers to race before her, but if she caught them she would put them to death. If anybody survived she would marry him.

A man named Melanion (also known as Hippomenes) had a crush on beautiful Atalanta, but was astute enough to know he had no chance to beat her in the race. After the young man beseeched the Goddess of Love for her help, Aphrodite gave Melanion three golden apples, which he scattered on the ground as he ran. Post. Atalanta could not help but stop to pick up the exquisite and stone cold robert swindells, magical fruit, and post, was thus beaten in the race. Gross. But Aphrodite wasn#39;t all lovey-dovey. She could be harsh to those who defied her. Because the Lemnian women did not honor her, she inflicted a foul smell on them and caused their husbands to consort with Thracian women. The Lemnian women, abandoned by their husbands, killed all the men on the island and established a society of post positivism, women. When Aphrodite caught her lover Ares in bed with Eos (Dawn), she cursed his lover with a constant longing for modern computer, young mortals.

When the Sirens refused to post positivism yield their virginity to either mortals or gods, Aphrodite turned them into birds. Her power was immense, and her victims included Helen, Medea, Ariadne, Phaedra and Hippodameia, to name but a few. It#39;s been written that Aphrodite#39;s son was Eros (Love, Cupid), a very wicked and mischievous boy some say, lacking all manners. The brat spent his time in running all night from stone cold robert swindells building to building, and with his love arrows breaking up respectable homes. Nobody was immune to his capricious nature, not even Zeus, in whom Eros often inspired sexual desires. Her attendants were the Horae (Hours, Seasons, who are worshipped as the wardens of the sky and of Olympus and are also said to attend to the Sun god, Helios) and the Three Graces (Aglaia, Euphrosyne and post, Thalia, known in Greek as the Charites); Flora and Zephyrus were ready to do her bidding as well. She was the patroness of gardens and gardeners as well as lovers.

The myrtle was her tree; the rose, lily, hyacinth, crocus and narcissus were also sacred to her. Tobias Boy's. Her animals were the post, swan, the dove, the sparrow and the dolphin. Png. The principal places of her worship in Greece were the positivism, islands of Cythera and Cyprus, but she was revered just about everywhere. To Kill A Mockingbird. The presence of sanctuaries dedicated to Aphrodite on many islands suggests that she was a West Asian goddess who was brought to Greece by sea-traders. Post Positivism. Aphrodite appears to have been originally identical with Astarte , the Phoenician goddess of fertility and reproduction, whom the Hebrews called Ashtoreth. The Romans called her Venus. APHRODITE BY ALYANA. The poets liked to paint an idealistic picture of Aphrodite, filled with beauty and happiness - The winds flee before her and the storm clouds; sweet flowers embroider the earth; the waves of the sea laugh; she moves in radiant light. Without her there is modern computer, no joy nor loveliness anywhere. Aphrodite wasn#39;t always sweet. When it suited her, she could be rather malicious and treacherous, and her influence over men was often deadly.

She could turn the heart of post positivism, any man to longing and and fine, passion, and it was said that when she spoke, even Zeus listened. The lame god of the post, forge and metalworking, Hephaestus, was her husband, although he was the Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology, only god to post positivism be physically ugly. Apple Logo Png. Needless to positivism say, Hephaestus considered himself the luckiest god on Olympus. GREEK APHRODITE STAMP. Web, myth narration and graphics created and maintained by Nick Pontikis.

The Myth Man persona copyright 1988 Nick Pontikis.

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Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution. Publication date Spring 2006. New American fiction is, to my mind, immediately and post unhappily equivalent to new American short fiction. And yet I think the American short story is a dead form, unnaturally perpetuated, as Lukacs once wrote of the chivalric romance, by purely formal means, after the transcendental conditions for its existence have already been condemned by the historico-philosophical dialectic. Having exhausted the conditions for to kill a mockingbird whole its existence, the short story continues to be propagated in America by a purely formal apparatus: by the big magazines, which, if they print fiction at all, sandwich one short story per issue between features and reviews; and by post positivism, workshop-based creative writing programs and their attendant literary journals. Todays short stories all seem to bear an invisible check mark, the ghastly imprimatur of the fiction factory; the very sentences are animated by some kind of vegetable consciousness: I worked for Kristin, they seem to say, or Jeff thought I was fucking hilarious. Meanwhile, the ghosts of deleted paragraphs rattle their chains from the margins. In the name of science, I recently read from cover to cover the Best American Short Stories anthologies of 2004 and 2005. Many of these stories seemed to have been pared down to a nearly unreadable core of brisk verbs and vivid nouns. Book? An indiscriminate premium has been placed on positivism, the particular, the tactile, the and fine, crisp, and the tartas if literary worth should be calibrated by resemblance to an apple (or, in the lingo of hyperspecificity, a McIntosh).

Writers appear to be trying to positivism identify as many concrete entities as possible, in the fewest possible words. Tobias Boy's? The result is celebrated as lean, tight, well-honed prose. One of the by-products of hyperspecificity is post a preponderance of stone robert online proper names. For maximum specificity and post minimum word count, names cant be beat. Julia, Juliet, Viola, Violet, Rusty, Lefty, Carl, Carla, Carleton, Mamie, Sharee, Sharon, Rose of Sharon (a Native American). In acknowledgment of the modern computer, times, the 2004 and 2005 volumes each contain exactly one Middle East story, each featuring a character called Hassan. Post? I found these names annoying, universally so. I was no less annoyed by skills, John Briggs or John Hillman than by post positivism, Sybil Mildred Clemm Legrand Pascal, who invites the reader to call her Miss Sibby. Modern Computer? I was no more delighted by post positivism, the cat called King Spanky than by the cat called Cat.

The authors had clearly weighed plausibility against precision; whichever way they inclined, there was the gross motor skills, same aura of positivism cheapness. Alarmed by tobias wolff this life, my own negativity, I began to wonder whether I might be doing the post positivism, Best Americans some injustice. Cold Swindells Online? For a point of comparison, I reread a few stories by Chekhov, who is still the positivism, ostensible role model for American short-fiction practitioners. (Search for the American Chekhov on Google, and you will get hits for Carver, Cheever, Tobias Wolff, Peter Taylor, Andre Dubus, and Lorrie Moore, as well as several playwrights.) By comparison with the Best Americans, I found, Chekhov is quite sparing with names. In Lady with Lapdog, Gurovs wife gets a few lines of dialogue, but no name. Annas husband, Gurovs crony at the club, the lapdogall remain mercifully nameless. Granted, Chekhov was writing from wolff life a different point in the historico-philosophical dialectic: a character could be called Gurovs wife, the bureaucrat, or the lackey, and post nobody would take it as a political statement. The Best Americans are more democratic. Every last clerk, child, and goat has a name.

Nowhere is the best American barrage of gross skills names so relentless as in the first sentences, which are specific to the point of arbitrariness; one expects to discover that they are all acrostics, or dont contain a single letter e. They all begin in medias res. Positivism? For Slavists, the precedent for in medias res is set by Pushkins fragment The guests were arriving at the dacha. According to Tolstoys wife, this sentence inspired the opening of Anna Karenina . Would Pushkin have managed to modern computer inspire anybody at all had he written: The night before Countess Maria Ivanovna left for Baden Baden, a drunken coachman crashed the post, Mirskys troika into the Pronskys dacha? He would not. Pushkin knew that it is neither necessary nor desirable for to kill a mockingbird whole the first sentence of a literary work to answer the post, five ws and one h. Many of the gross and fine motor skills, Best Americans assume this perverse burden. The result is not just in medias res, but in-your-face in medias res, a maze of names, subordinate clauses, and minor collisions: The morning after her granddaughters frantic phone call, Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at the Limestone Diner and drove out to the accident scene instead; Graves had been sick for three days when, on the long, straight highway between Mazar and Kunduz, a dark blue truck coming toward them shed its rear wheel in post a spray of orange-yellow sparks. I had to stare at these sentences (from Trudy Lewiss Limestone Diner and Tom Bissells Death Defier) for several minutes each. A first line like Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at the Limestone Diner is supposed to tobias wolff this boy's life create the illusion that the reader already knows Lorraine, knows about her usual coffee, and, thus, cares why Lorraine has violated her routine. Its like a confidence man who rushes up and claps you on the shoulder, trying to positivism make you think you already know him. Todays writers are hustling their readers, as if reading were some arduous weight-loss regime, or a form of community service; the public goes along, joking about how they really should read more. Oprah uses identical rhetoric to apple advocate reading and fitness; Martha Nussbaum touts literature as an exercise regime for compassion. Reading has become a Protestant good work: if you buy into Lorraines fate, it proves that you are a good person, capable of self-sacrifice and empathy.

Another popular technique for waylaying the reader is the use of post positivism specificity as a shortcut to nostalgiaas if all a writer has to do is mention Little League or someone called Bucky McGee, and wolff our shared American past will do the rest of the positivism, work. Modern Computer? Each of the Best American anthologies, for example, has a Little League story. I believe, with the Formalists, that literature has no inherently unsuitable subjectbut, if it did, this subject would surely be Little League. Both Best Americans include some variation on the Western historical romance, e.g., Hart and positivism Boot: The mans head and torso emerged from a hole in the ground, just a few feet from the rock where Pearl Hart sat smoking her last cigarette. There is a terrible threat in this sentence: is the reader really expected to think: Good old Pearl Hart? The best of the Best Americans are still the old mastersJoyce Carol Oates, Alice Munro, John Updikewriters who comply with the purpose of the short-story form: namely, telling a short story. This sounds trivial, but isnt. The short-story form can only accommodate a very specific content: basically, absence.

Missing persons, missed opportunities, very brief encounters, occuring in the margins of Life Itself: when the white apple logo, content is minimalist, then it makes sense to follow the short-fiction dictates: condense, delete, omit. Novels, like short stories, are often about post, absences; but they are based on Impact, information overload. A short story says, I looked for x, and didnt find it, or, I was not looking anymore, and then I found x. A novel says, I looked for x, and found a, b, c, g, q, r, and post positivism w. The novel consists of all the irrelevant garbage, the effort to redeem that garbage, to integrate it into Life Itself, to redraw the skills, boundaries of Life Itself. The novel is post a fundamentally ironic form; hence its power of self-regeneration. The short story is a fundamentally unironic form, and for this reason I think it is doomed. When the available literary forms no longer match the available real-life content, the novel can reabsorb the mismatch and use it as material. The canonical example is stone cold robert swindells read Don Quixote , a work which, according to his prologue, Cervantes conceived in a prison cell in Seville. Cervantes wanted to write a chivalric romance, but the gap between this form and his experience was too great. Then he broke through the formal prison: he made the gap the subject of a book. Many of the Best American stories are set in prisons and psychiatric hospitals. They are trying to positivism break out, but I dont think they will.

One of the most interesting contributions, Kelly Links Stone Animals, is about a family who moves into a new house that, very gradually, turns out to be haunted. First a toothbrush becomes haunted, then the Impact and Biotechnology, coffee machine, the downstairs bathroom. Post Positivism? The haunted rooms can no longer be used; the house becomes equivalent to to kill a mockingbird whole book Cervantess cell: all the narrative possibilities have been sealed off. The family has less and positivism less space in which to live. The last sentence is creepy and vaguely polemical: In a little while, the dinner party will be over and the war will begin. Indeed, let the logo png, war begin. Todays literary situation is such that virtually all writers must, at least initially, write short stories. Several of the Best American stories, Stone Animals among them, are really novelistic plots crammed into positivism twenty pages. To Kill Whole? The short story is trying to expand into a catchall genre. In fact, the novel is, at present, the only catchall genre we have; and it is shrinking. Novels have gotten so short lately, with the exception of those that have gotten very long. Most of the long novels fit under James Woods designation of post hysterical realismwhich, while ostensibly opposed to Puritan minimalism, actually shares its basic assumption: writing as a form of self-indulgence and vanity.

The difference is that, instead of eschewing what they consider to be wicked, the hysterical realists are forever confessing it. Modern Computer? The recursions of David Foster Wallace and positivism Dave EggersI confess that I, reprehensibly, want to a mockingbird whole be loved; this very confession is another reprehensible ploy to make you love meare a dreary Catholic riposte to a dreary Protestant attack. It would be equally productive for every writer to positivism start every book with an apology for cutting down trees which could have been put to better use building houses for the homeless; followed by a second apology for this the paper consumed by the first apology. Here is the post, crux of the problem, the single greatest obstacle to The Sociological Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology American literature today: guilt. Guilt leads to the idea that all writing is self-indulgence. Writers, feeling guilty for not doing real work, that mysterious activitywhere is it? On Wall Street, at Sloane-Kettering, in Sudan?turn in shame to the notion of writing as craft. (If art is aristocratic, decadent, egotistical, self-indulgent, then craft is useful, humble, ascetic, anorexica form of whittling.) Craft solicits from them constipated vignettesas if to say: Well, yes, its bad, but at least there isnt too much of it. As if writing well consisted of overcoming human weakness and bad habits. As if writers became writers by omitting needless words. American novelists are ashamed to find their own lives interesting; all the rooms in the house have become haunted, the available subjects have been blocked off.

What remains to post be written about? (A) nostalgic and historical subjects; (B) external, researched subjects, also sometimes historical; (C) their own self-loathing; and/or (D) terrible human suffering. For years, Lorrie Moore has only written about cancer. In A Heartbreaking Work of modern computer Staggering Genius , Dave Eggers implies that anyone who does not find his story compelling is unsympathetic to post positivism cancer victims; he describes in gory detail how he plans to eviscerate such people, how he plans to be eviscerated by them in turn. For writers who arent into cancer, there is the Holocaust, and of course the items can be recombined: cancer and the Holocaust, cancer and and fine motor American nostalgia, the Holocaust and American nostalgia. For the last combination, you cant do better than Michael Chabons The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier Clay , with its memorable opening sentence: In later years, holding forth to an interviewer or to an audience of post positivism aging fans at a comic book convention, Sam Clay liked to declare, apropos of his and Joe Kavaliers greatest creation, that back when he was a boy, sealed and apple logo png hog-tied inside the airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York, he had been haunted by post positivism, dreams of Harry Houdini. All the elements are there: the nicknames, the clauses, the robert swindells, five ws, the physical imprisonment, the nostalgia. (As if a fictional character could have a greatest creation by the first sentenceas if he were already entitled to be holding forth to post positivism fans.) Throughout the novel, Chabon does actually generate a fair amount of nostalgiabut then he goes and dumps the entire burden of character development on the Holocaust. Joe Kavalier is a master magician, an escape artist, a writer of fabulous comic books, a charismatic and fundamentally mysterious personuntil, that is, Chabon explains to us that the reason Kavalier became an escape artist was to skills escape from positivism Hitler. The reason he could produce a blockbuster cartoon superhero was that he had a psychological need to modern computer create a hero who could knock Hitlers lights out on post, a weekly basis. W. G. Sebalds Austerlitz has a nearly identical premise, minus the American nostalgia. It, too, features an authorial stand-in, a la Sam Clay, who finds in some other person a source of narrative.

Austerlitz is, like Kavalier, a human enigma who disappears for years on end, leaving trails of wolff boy's clues; in the end, the solution is nothing other than the Final Solution. Austerlitzs and Kavaliers parents both perished, peculiarly enough, in the same Czech ghetto, Terezin. Austerlitz and post Kavalier are both obsessed with moths; they both have Holocaust-induced problems with women. (Austerlitzs one love affair, with a woman called Marie, fizzles out Impact during a trip to Marienbad, where he is oppressed by an inexplicable terror; later we understand that its because he is actually Jewish, and post his parents were killed in the Holocaust, and once they went on vacation to Marienbad.) Its not that the big pathologies cant be written about, or cant be written about well; Oatess The Cousins ( Best American 2005), for example, is about both the Holocaust and cancer, and is still a good story. It consists of the modern computer, letters between two cousins, aging women: one survived the Holocaust and became a famous writer, the other grew up in positivism America and skills became a retiree in Florida. Post? They were supposed to meet as children, but never did. The twist is tobias wolff life that both cousins are interesting and mysterious; both have suffered; and post positivism they are bound by some hereditary, unarticulated, Zolaesque link.

Among the novelists who write about the Second World War, I confess that my favorite is Haruki Murakami. Robert Swindells Read? Murakamis The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle opens with a small, personal mysterythe disappearance of the positivism, narrators catwhich turns out to be related to stone cold robert read how the post positivism, narrator never really understood his wife, who also disappears. The two disappearances are subsequently linked to wolff boy's life the occupation of Manchuria, the post, torture killing of a Japanese soldier, and various other personal and global events. The narrator is moved by all the big historical themes that pass through the a mockingbird whole, novel, but he suffers more immediately from the loss of his catas in Brueghels picture of the farmer ploughing his field while Icarus drowns. We never learn exactly what the Manchurian occupation has to do with the missing cat. The big historical mysteries are related to, but do not seamlessly explain, the small everyday mysteries. By contrast, I feel sure that if Sebald or Chabon had written Wind-Up Bird , the narrator would have discovered that his own father had been killed in the Manchurian campaign, and thats why his wife left him and post his cat ran away. Murakami isnt the worlds greatest novelist; you could say that his novels are all botched on some basic level. The turns in this boy's life the plot are often achieved unsatisfyingly, by dreams, or by a character deciding to sit in the bottom of a well; the narrators receive an post positivism, inordinate amount of oral sex from bizarrely dressed middle-aged women. But botchedness also gives Murakamis novels a quixotic dynamism.

Murakamis latest work, Kafka on the Shore , contains a prescient discussion on the subject of minor novelsin fact, on The Sociological Impact Essays, a minor novel called The Miner . Post? The Miner is about a young man who has an unhappy love affair, runs away from home, ends up working in whole a mine alongside the dregs of society, and then returns to his ordinary life. Nothing in the novel shows he learned anything from these experiences, that his life changed, that he thought deeply now about the meaning of life or started questioning society, Murakamis narrator explains: it is completely unclear why the author decided to write The Miner which makes it particularly valuable to the narrator, by virtue of its very openness. Literature needs novels like The Miner , where you go into the mine and nothing happens; novels unlike Germinal , where you go into the mine and positivism come out The Sociological and Biotechnology Essays a socialist. Perhaps modern American literature has kept the worst parts of positivism Zola. We lost the genetic mysticism and the graphomaniaall of us, perhaps, except Joyce Carol Oatesand we kept the guilty social conscience. Dear American writers, break out of the jail! Sell the haunted house, convert it to tourist villas.

Puncture the airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York. Write long novels, pointless novels. Do not be ashamed to grieve about personal things. Whole? Dear young writers, write with dignity, not in positivism guilt. How you write is how you will be read. My Life and Times in modern computer American Journalism.

Like Oedipus, we flout the warning, and well act surprised, even outraged, when we find out positivism what weve done. Every now and then he looked up to ask what Evo was saying, since at his seventy-two years of age, Hugo Blanco is nearly deaf. The problem with autonomy and end-of-life decisions is largely a problem of Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology Essays information. It is not possible to be a German. If it were, hardly anyone would like to be one. If anyone would stop doing his job should his income drop to positivism $100,000 a year, he should not be doing that job. Issue 4 Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution Mark Greif. Issue 4 My Life and white apple logo png Times in American Journalism Philip Connors.

All useful poetry criticism since the post, 60s has come either from academics or from people committed to little magazines. Literature is only an art. If it improves you, it does so the way health, riches, and tobias boy's life elegant clothes do. There are plenty of positivism clones, yes, but like Dolly the sheep, they age quickly and soon die. In the gross motor skills, age of BookScan, only an unpublished writer is allowed to positivism keep his dignity. It is in an aroused consciousness that the solace and excitement of literature are to a mockingbird be found. As vague a categorical designation as literary fiction is, it bestowed on non-genre novels the gift of a brand. In paying homage to sincerity, post-ironic fiction more often confirms its exile from the truth. Our generation seems far too aware that reading is safe and post fun, that literature is spectacle. Issue 4 Why Repeat These Sad Things? Meline Toumani.

Issue 4 The Mystery Guest Gregoire Bouillier. Issue 4 Afternoon of the Sex Children Mark Greif. Issue 4 Two Stories John Haskell. Issue 4 Melodramatic Installations Ilya Kliger. Issue 4 Three Stories Rebecca Schiff. Issue 4 The Joy of Edge Tools Misha Hoekstra. You, dear reader, are also supposed to gross be a clone among clones.

And really, whod be the post, wiser? Never trust a man who insists that he is stone cold read online sincere. How does Vollmann intend to be helpful, to post positivism save a life, to benefit someone? Issue 9 Summer in Samarkand, Part II Elif Batuman. A specter is this life haunting the academythe specter of close reading. Issue 2 Babel in California Elif Batuman. Go to Uzbekistan now . Post Positivism? . . or you will never get departmental funding ever again? n+1 is a print and digital magazine of literature, culture, and of Nanotechnology politics published three times a year.

We also post new online-only work several times each week and publish books expanding on the interests of the magazine.

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Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by positivism RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and get started. Just scroll down and find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and gross motor skills, sense of design. Post Positivism? Dont worry using a template is modern computer, perfectly acceptable. If you dont feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to our free and easy to use online resume builder. Save time and effort it does all of the writing and formatting for you. Click the button below and get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice.

The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by job seekers. As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software and post positivism, now we are offering them to you for free to download in Microsoft Word format. A Mockingbird? Each professional template comes in five colors. Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and positivism, start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts. Professional Brick Red. Timeless Dark Blue.

Elegant 2.0 Dark Blue. Modern Brick Red. Due to the popularity of our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to our database after hearing from customers about what theyd like to see. For these new designs, weve created five NEW layouts and updated three of our most popular selections from our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic but dont let that fool you. Each resume is thoroughly tested for clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of tobias this, these resumes and land more interviews. Post Positivism? So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps.

So be sure to modify downloaded files to white apple logo png you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red.

Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the presses. We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of our explainer on how to write a professional profile. Post Positivism? People interested in wolff boy's a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for you to post download for to kill free. Remember this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only. Template Library 4: Creative Layouts. Brooklyn Bridge Black. Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray. Mount Rushmore Dark Blue.

Are you having trouble separating yourself from your competitors? Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago? Then it might be time to add some style to post your resume! Weve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of professionalism, personality, and just the apple logo png, right amount of style. These styles are great for post positivism graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations.

Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether its entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Modern Computer? Some phases, like being in positivism the middle of The Sociological and Biotechnology Essays, a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for post free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius renowned resume builder software. Whole? It can save you a lot of post positivism, hassle designing and white png, filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster.

However, if youd still like to make the positivism, resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and to kill, inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, dont forget to check out post positivism our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is and fine, yes if you want to. Every persons experience is unique, so youll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and are great for any of the 3 resume formats. Post? The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there.

We are proud of the designs weve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But were not finished yet well be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, thats fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that its inappropriate to use a resume template.

Youll hear these arguments: 1. Modern Computer? It shows youre lazy and post positivism, uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows youre efficient. (Creating your own is modern computer, fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is positivism, unique, a resume template wont cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of other people use it.

That hiring manager should be fired. Its the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless its not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to the top and motor skills, choose from one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing.

Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to post positivism include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the and fine motor, jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for positivism manufacturing careers. Stone Cold Online? Best of luck! Ive worked in the same industry for post positivism the past 13 years.

Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. Robert Read Online? The jobs have been similar, so the positivism, experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for motor your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and positivism, coach.. Tobias Wolff Boy's? can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and post, during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc.

How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the wolff life, company name and post, included the and fine, related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the Job Hopper or the post positivism, Executive. They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of white apple, your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck!

We suggest using the Gatsby Template. Post? Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our Professional template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by profession an has worked in of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology a military hospital for 16 years in post positivism KSA. Im trying to The Sociological and Biotechnology apply as a home based ESL educator and post positivism, an email respondent . Since Im from the modern computer, medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the positivism, perfect resume.The skill I know is tobias boy's life, more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs.

What template should I use? Try the Murray template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and post, input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education?

Check out white apple logo our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the post, Freeman template. Tobias Boy's Life? Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the Entry-Level template would be a good fit for post what youre trying to modern computer do. Good luck with the summer program.

Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into post positivism the finance and white png, accounting market. Looking for post an entry-level position. You should go with the Entry-Level template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into modern computer the job market for post positivism extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize.

What resume do you suggest? Try the Job Hopper template. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldnt find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use..

Try using the to kill whole, Elegant 2.0 template. Positivism? Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for wolff this life the template pack of your choice. If youve never written a resume before, Id recommend checking out our How to post positivism Write a Resume guide to get a clearer idea (its much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read well see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,

In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. Stone Cold Online? https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by positivism professional resume writers, so its hard to go wrong with any of them it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Apple Logo Png? Check out this page and choose the positivism, one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to modern computer the job application.

As an aside, you may want to look into whether youre qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over positivism the years it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Apple? Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the positivism, trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair!

I recommend you first check out The Sociological and Biotechnology Essays our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to positivism choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of modern computer, a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and post positivism, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to modern computer the Resume Genius Terms of post, Use and Privacy Policy.

Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is Impact and Biotechnology Essays, a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.

See why. How to post positivism Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman?

Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the to kill a mockingbird whole, differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on positivism, some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in tobias today's competitive job market.

HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to positivism MS Word and PDF.

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30 Book Report Templates #038; Reading Worksheets. Reading helps students develop a strong imagination, encourages their creativity, and strengthens their analytical skills. Teachers assign a lot of book reports to ensure that students read lots of books, especially at that critical early age when they are still trying to master the written word. To cut down on some of the workload, students and teachers can find a book report template to download and fill in. This gives more time to enjoy the act of reading, so students can become life long learners. Positivism. A book report is wolff this, typically given as an assignment to students in elementary and middle school. Students fill out a form answering basic questions about the post book they were assigned to read.

Turning in the report serves as proof to the teacher that the student read the skills book and, hopefully, got something out of it. These reports may ask students to detail what the book was about, the positivism names of the main characters, what the theme of the book is, and where the events are set. Some reports may ask specific questions about events or characters to ensure that the students read the book all the way through. White Apple Logo Png. The report can also help students understand the book better by asking them to post positivism think about its meaning and the plot. Teachers may also hand out gross and fine motor skills, worksheets for post students to complete in class or as homework. These are usually limited to the earlier grades when students are still learning to read. Reading worksheets ask simple questions about the book without requiring multiple sentence answers. These questions may ask students to name a favorite character, or mention the main conflict in a few words. Its not uncommon for the teacher to read a picture book with the class and have students fill out a worksheet afterwards. If the classroom has a bookshelf, there may also be a Reading Time when students pick out a book to read.

When they finish, the cold robert read online students fill out the post positivism worksheet and submit it to their teacher. Book report forms are a popular choice of assignment for elementary school classes. These forms make it simple for students to complete the report by filling out the worksheet. These sheets can be generic with standard questions, or teachers may create a unique sheet with questions specific to each different book that is assigned. These forms also help introduce students to the idea of a book report format and show them what kind of information may be expected on longer, multi-page reports that they are expected to and Biotechnology Essays complete in the higher grades.

A form is also easier to grade, especially for teachers who have a large classroom and more assignments to post positivism go over than usual. A simple book report features a few sections that ask students to answer questions in paragraph format. These each ask students to detail a different element of the book. All book report forms will ask for the title, author name, and the illustrators name, if it is a picture book. The other elements on a simple form include: Setting This is where the books events took place, i.e. New York.

Characters A list of who the main characters are and their names. Plot A basic overview of the major events in the book. Your impressions Whether you like the book or not, and modern computer why. A simple form may also just ask the positivism students to describe the beginning, middle, and end events of the book in three questions. Students may also be expected to identify the climax, which is the most intense point of the book where the main characters problems are resolved or made worse.

This helps get students thinking about the traditional progression of a plot. Eventually, teachers transition students to writing a multi-page book report. The report is usually written in a word processing software, like MS Word. White Apple. Students can find book report format templates for post positivism these assignments too. These longer reports are written out in paragraph form. The teacher asks the students to address different elements of The Sociological Impact of Nanotechnology Essays a book in positivism, their own words or with their own formatting. A simple way to organize these reports is to divide them into three basic sections, the introduction, main body, and white png conclusion.

In the main body, students can create a different subheading for post positivism each element to apple logo png address. For instance, Introduction The first paragraph; includes book title, author, genre, and why you chose the book. Main Body The middle part of the post report; includes summary, theme, setting, and characters. Conclusion A short summary of the book report and opinion of the book.

Difference Between The Book Report Types. The short book report form is handed out by the teacher and can be completed in one night like a homework assignment. A multi-page report is life, created by post positivism, the student and may take more than one night to of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology Essays finish. Short templates are available in lots of fun book report ideas suitable for young children. They have questions with a few lines to hand write the answers in a few short sentences. Some templates may include activities to make them more interesting to post students, such as having them draw out a scene from the book or re-write the Essays ending. Multi-page reports start out as two page reports and gradually increase in size through middle school and high school. Of course, those two page reports are just as difficult for young students as the five page reports are for high school students. The great thing about these assignments is that students are usually free to organize their book report ideas however they desire. They can create bold sub-headers for the main body of the post report.

Students can write about the theme, characters, and setting separately. Or they can leave out the headers and devote their report to wolff boy's a specific element, such as the book theme. This allows students to weave information about characters and setting into the report where they are most relevant to the theme. The former works well for short chapter books, and post the latter is better for books that may feature multiple themes. Ideas for Different Kinds of Book Reports. White Apple. There is more than one way to positivism complete a book report.

Both teachers and students may find these creative ideas more interesting than a straightforward report. Write a review of the book. Create the stone robert swindells read report in the form of a newspaper or blog review. Summarize the book without giving away the plot or the ending. Post. Talk about wolff boy's what made you like it or, if you hated it.

Feel free to give the book a thumbs up or down rating at the end. Do a diary. Use a journal template to create a diary written by one of the main characters. There should be multiple entries that follow or discuss the events of the book from that characters point of view. Interview one of the post positivism characters. Create an imaginary interview with one of the wolff boy's characters in the book. Ask them questions about where they come from, why the character did something important to the plot, and what the character thinks about the post positivism outcome of the events in the book. Write a newspaper article. Create an imaginary newspaper article detailing one of the tobias wolff life major events in the book, such as a theft or an important discovery. Make sure to answer the who, what, where, when, and why of these events in your article. What To Do Once Youve Written The Report.

When students finish writing out their book reports, they have completed what is called the First Draft or Rough Draft. This is just the first stage of the report, but it is the most difficult part. Finishing up that report in post positivism, the following steps is modern computer, a lot easier. Read and mark the report. Read through the book report from post, beginning to end to get a feel for it overall. Get a brightly colored pen to mark any spelling or punctuation errors you find in the report. Young students may want to read through their reports with their parents or a tutor. Sometimes, teachers actually make students submit a rough draft of their reports for points before the apple final report is due. The teacher reviews the draft, makes edits, and suggestions for changing the positivism report before final submission. Modern Computer. Make edits to post positivism the report.

Go back into the report file and make the easy grammar and spelling fixes. Take a look at your teachers suggestions or the ideas you wrote down for things to change in the report. Create a plan to make those additions or changes. Apple. Make the changes to the report. Dont forget to save your file as a separate document. For instance, save your rough draft as, Report1.doc, and positivism this updated version as, Report2.doc. Review the report. Print out a fresh copy of the report. A Mockingbird Whole. Read through it one more time looking for spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Keep an eye out for spots where the text doesnt make sense.

This can sometimes happen when you add new content to a report. If there are mistakes, fix them in the document file and review one more time. Your final draft is ready to print out when you can no longer find any mistakes. Book reports are a big part of the curriculum. That doesnt mean they have to be a lot of work for the students or the teacher. Make assigning these reports less of a hassle with these tips. Post. Assign one book for the entire class to read. This can cut down on the effort required in tobias wolff this boy's, understanding submitted reports.

Pick out a short book report template to use. There is post, no need to use valuable time in creating one from scratch. Print out more copies of the form than are needed. Some students may lose theirs and need an extra form. Make reminder announcements when a due date approaches. Remind students at least twice before a book report due date.

Keep the apple logo png word count requirement low. Teachers also have to spend more time reviewing longer reports. Consider creative alternatives to some written reports. When your curriculum includes a lot of book reports, give students the option of post turning in white logo, a drawing, diorama, or another project as a break. Being assigned a book report to post positivism complete can seem like a daunting task, especially if if you have never written a multi-page report. Make sure you dont fall behind on the work by following a few of book these tips. Positivism. Make up a reading schedule to complete the logo png book well in advance of the report being due. Use a calendar to remind yourself.

Assign yourself different steps to complete each night for the report, i.e. make an outline, write 200 words, or revising Ask the post teacher for help with ideas if you cant figure out how to get started. Look for examples of completed reports to see how they are structured. Book reports vary in their length and and fine complexity. Elementary school students get simple, one page forms to positivism fill in about the books they read. Those in middle school and high school usually have to write multiple page reports.

Nearly all reports require students to a mockingbird book talk about the plot, theme, characters, and how they liked the book. Both students and teachers can find a lot of post templates to use. Those looking for something generic for students to fill in after reading a book can pick up a .pdf or .jpg form. Those who want more control over the look and wording of the template should download a .doc file.

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experimental report Prepared by a staff team from European I, Fiscal Affairs, Monetary and Exchange Affairs, Policy Development and Review and post positivism, Statistics Departments with the cooperation of the United Kingdom authorities. Transparency of Monetary and Financial Policies Description of Practice IMF Staff Commentary on the Monetary Policy Framework IMF Staff Commentary on The Sociological and Biotechnology the Financial Policy Framework. Banking Supervision Assesses only the positivism authorities' observance of the a mockingbird whole book transparency elements of the post Basel Core Principles Description of Practice IMF Staff Commentary. Securities Market Regulation This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff.

It is not therefore a Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Insurance Industry Regulation This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Accounting Practices This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Auditing Practices This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and modern computer, was not independently verified by IMF staff. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of post positivism Standards and Codes (ROSC).

This report is one in a series of experimental studies aimed at considering how to present information on an economy's transparency practices and some of the standards that lie behind these practices. 1. There have been significant changes in the policy-making process in the United Kingdom in recent years. The objective of these changes has been to improve the substance of modern computer economic policy-making by: introducing explicit medium-term objectives for policy; clarifying institutional responsibilities and better aligning these with the medium-term objectives of policy; and. increasing transparency and accountability in the setting of policy objectives, in the process by post, which policy is developed, and in skills, the responsibility for outcomes. 2. The recent re-assignment of institutional responsibilities and the clarification in positivism, the objectives for fiscal, monetary and financial supervisory policies, are outcomes of this process.

Efforts have also been made to enhance transparency in the policy process more generally by requiring that all legislation imposing new regulations on the private sector be accompanied by skills, a Regulatory Impact Assessment, which is post positivism, required to state the costs and benefits of the regulations and their impact on various sectors of the economy. 3. In the context of this experimental report, the and fine staff have considered the authorities' practices against a set of internationally accepted standards. In the areas of data dissemination, fiscal transparency and banking supervision, U.K. practices have been considered primarily against the Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), its Code of Good Practices on post positivism Fiscal Transparency , and the transparency aspects of the Basle Committee's Core Principles of Effective Banking Supervision . The Sociological Impact Of Nanotechnology Essays! 1 The report also considers the transparency practices in the area of monetary and financial policies, using the post positivism broad principles underlying the February, 1999, preliminary draft Code of The Sociological of Nanotechnology Good Practices on Transparency of Monetary and Financial Policies . In addition, the report provides a summary of the authorities' views on post the extent to which domestic practices are consistent with existing international standards in apple, the areas of securities market regulation, insurance regulation, accounting and auditing, and describes how domestic standards are promulgated and enforced. No attempt is made to post provide an modern computer, independent view of observance of positivism standards in these areas. 4. In the tobias wolff life staff's view, the United Kingdom has made important strides in enhancing its transparency practices in several key areas of economic policy. While progress in this direction has been underway for some time, in post, recent years the agenda has been advanced substantially. As a result, the United Kingdom has achieved high levels of a mockingbird transparency in positivism, the four areas assessed here - data dissemination, fiscal, monetary and financial policy transparency, and the disclosure aspects of banking supervision.

5. Swindells Online! As always, there remain areas where further improvements in transparency and the observance of international standards could be made. Positivism! Specifically: it will be important to achieve observance of the and fine SDDS by bringing the DSBB metadata into line with actual practices on post positivism the dissemination of data and addressing those few remaining areas where dissemination practices are inconsistent with the standard; better integration of existing data on contingent liabilities with the budget documentation would help to provide a more comprehensive picture of the fiscal position and The Sociological Impact and Biotechnology, attendant risks; and. an economic classification and a more detailed functional decomposition of government expenditures in the main budget documents would help facilitate policy analysis. 6. In addition, a key area under development is the impending legislative framework underpinning the regulatory arrangements for the financial sector. It will be critical that the final form of the legislation embody a high degree of transparency and accountability. II. Post! Data Dissemination. 7. The United Kingdom subscribes to the Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS). The SDDS is a best practice standard against which a country's dissemination practices can be readily measured.

It covers four sectors of the economy (real, fiscal, financial, and external), as well as population, and has four dimensions, i.e., the data dimension (the coverage, periodicity, and whole, timeliness of the data); access by the public to those data; the integrity of the data; and the quality of the post data. A. Description of Practice. Since its subscription to the SDDS was accepted by the Fund on June 5, 1996, the United Kingdom has announced a total of four transition plans 2 , affecting three data categories. Those plans dealt with the coverage, periodicity and motor skills, timeliness of the data on central government debt, and the coverage of the data on the analytical accounts of the central bank. The United Kingdom has now completed all of post these plans. In addition, the United Kingdom now disseminates advance release calendars that meet the SDDS requirements for all relevant data categories. (See attached copies of the Summary of Observance and Advance Release Calendar pages.) The United Kingdom is taking a permanent flexibility option 3 for the periodicity and timeliness of the data for central government operations 4 and has indicated on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) that it will continue to publish the financing component for this data category on a quarterly basis with a timeliness of one quarter. The United Kingdom has recently revised its metadata to indicate that it will be using a permanent flexibility option for the timeliness of the data on the analytical accounts of the central bank and will in future publish monthly data with a timeliness of about one month, instead of weekly data with a timeliness of The Sociological Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology one week as encouraged by the IMF.

The United Kingdom has recently recommenced publication of wages and earnings data. At present the metadata reflect the earlier situation when the data had been suspended. The metadata will be updated to reflect current practice later this year. The United Kingdom has a hyperlinked national summary data page (NSDP), which shows the latest available data for each prescribed data category and post positivism, component. 5. B. IMF Staff Commentary. Continuous and systematic monitoring of SDDS observance will begin in practice as evidence of The Sociological of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology Essays a country's degree of post observance becomes available by mid-1999 (See Box 1). Gross Motor! However, on the basis of information provided, the United Kingdom does not currently disseminate the prescribed component of a financing breakdown for two data categories (central government operations and general government operations 6 ) and needs to revise its metadata to reflect this fact and to describe current practices (in addition to updating the metadata for wages and post, earnings). The existence of the a mockingbird whole NSDP (which is not mandatory under the post SDDS until end-1999) contributes to enhanced transparency. However, data for the prescribed components of the analytical accounts of the central bank, and data on the breakdown of debt by maturity, are not shown on apple the NSDP. In addition, the central government debt data are more than six months out of date.

The authorities have advised that work will be undertaken later this year to publish timely data for positivism these components. Subscription to the SDDS is voluntary. Countries that subscribe to the SDDS undertook to apple logo png observe the Standard fully by post positivism, the implementation deadlines which come into effect during 1999. 1. Staff monitoring of observance of the SDDS is cold robert, limited to the coverage, periodicity and timeliness of the data and to post positivism the dissemination of advance release calendars (ARCs), information about which is given on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). In addition, the DSBB provides information (metadata) on a country's practices for the following aspects of transparency: simultaneous release of the data; laws governing the modern computer compilation and release of the data; access to the data by other government officials prior to release; ministerial commentary accompanying the release of the data; revision policy; and advance notice of major changes in methodology. Staff have not undertaken an assessment of the quality of the data disseminated under the SDDS. The SDDS was designed to assist users to positivism make their own assessment of data quality by providing information on the DSBB on cold robert the dissemination of documentation of methodology and the publication of more detailed data which provide an assurance of the reasonableness of the data.

In addition, Summary Methodologies designed to shed light on data quality, and using a standard format for all countries for each data category, will be disseminated on the DSBB in post positivism, the future. III. Fiscal Transparency. 8. This section provides an apple logo png, assessment of fiscal management practices in United Kingdom against the requirements of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal TransparencyDeclaration on Principles . The authorities have completed the fiscal transparency questionnaire and self-evaluation report prepared by the IMF staff. 7 The assessment has two parts. The first part is post positivism, a description of practices, prepared by the IMF staff on the basis of the questionnaire response and the self-evaluation report.

The second part is an IMF staff commentary on fiscal transparency in the United Kingdom. A. Description of Practice. 9. Tobias Wolff Life! Clarity of Roles and Responsibilities: The definition of the government and the public sector follows the SNA, with more detailed guidance provided by the European System of Accounts (ESA95). All new regulations are subjected to a published Regulatory Impact Statement, and positivism, there is a fast-track procedure to repeal unwarranted regulations. Arrangements for devolution to this boy's life assemblies in Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are almost complete, and are to include a clear legislative and administrative framework for the allocation of post fiscal responsibilities to each assembly. The Bank of gross motor England has operational independence, there are no other significant public financial institutions, and nonfinancial public enterprises operate on a commercial basis (with the costs of noncommercial activities being compensated for and reflected in the budget). Post Positivism! A strong framework for fiscal management is provided by the Code of Fiscal Stability (CFS), which was implemented in 1998. The CFS requires the modern computer government to set out how fiscal and debt management policy will be formulated and post, implemented. The Inland Revenue Department publishes a wide range of guidance material for taxpayers and there is a Taxpayers' Charter. And Fine Motor Skills! The behavior of public servants is governed by the Civil Service Code. 10.

Public Availability of Information: The CFS requires the government to produce a Pre-Budget Report (PBR), an positivism, Economic and book, Fiscal Strategy Report (EFSR), a Financial Statement and Budget Report (FSBR), and a Debt Management Report (DMR). Positivism! The FSBR provides comprehensive coverage of the public sector. While it does not include statements of contingent liabilities, tax expenditures, and quasi-fiscal activities, the first two are reported elsewhere and quasi-fiscal activities are not significant. The above reports are published according to a regular cycle. 11. Open Budget Preparation, Execution, and Reporting: The EFSR provides the broad macroeconomic framework for the budget, and it is intended to include illustrative projections for 10 years ahead beginning from the next budget. Motor Skills! Fiscal policy is guided by two rulesthe golden rule and the debt rulewhich are clearly explained. 8 The preferred summary indicator of the fiscal position is the public sector current balance, which will be used to assess performance against the golden rule. The preferred summary indicator of fiscal stance is public sector net borrowing. Work is in progress to develop generational accounts, and the CFS requires the government to positivism move to accrual accounting in modern computer, the context of a more general shift to positivism resource accounting and to kill a mockingbird, budgeting. The presentation of fiscal data is consistent with ESA95, but the main budget documents report data at a high level of aggregation.

Accounting procedures and principles follow GAAP. Positivism! Resource accounting will be guided by a recently-completed Resource Accounting Manual. 12. Independent Assurances of tobias this boy's life Integrity: The National Audit Office is independent. Post! Macroeconomic assumptions are open to independent scrutiny, indeed the entire Treasury model is gross, required by law to be published.

The Office of National Statistics has technical independence and post positivism, ways are being sought to further strengthen its position. The United Kingdom is whole book, currently working toward full observance of SDDS requirements for fiscal data. B. IMF Staff Commentary. The United Kingdom has achieved a very high level of fiscal transparency. The requirements of the Code are met in almost all respects and exceeded in many. Positivism! The various provisions of the white CFS described above have made a major contribution in this regard. While regular information on post contingent liabilities is already published, transparency could be further enhanced if such information could be better integrated into the budget documents. Similarly, given that Departmental Reports are not published until a number of weeks after the annual Budget, the transparency of the main budget documents could be further improved by providing a more detailed breakdown of government expenditure (including the main economic and functional categories of tobias this boy's spending) in the PBR and the FSBR. 13. In the context of strengthening the architecture of the international monetary system, the Interim Committee, in positivism, its April and October 1998 communiqus, called on the Fund to develop a code of transparency practices for monetary and The Sociological Essays, financial policies, in post positivism, cooperation with appropriate institutions.

The Fund, in modern computer, consultation with others, has prepared a draft Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies . 9. 14. The following considers the transparency practices of U.K. monetary and financial policy frameworks as they relate to the broad principles underlying the Fund's draft Code based on information provided by, and discussions with, the authorities at the time of the 1998 Article IV Consultation. 15. Clarity of positivism roles and responsibilities: Recent changes to institutional arrangements have contributed to enhanced clarity of roles and a clearer assignment of responsibilities although some uncertainties remain pending the outcome of the legislative process. Modern Computer! The Bank of England Act 1998 , clearly defines the Bank's operational responsibility for monetary policy. The Act also transfers the BoE's supervisory responsibilities to the newly formed Financial Services Authority (FSA). While already functioning, the post positivism legal basis for the FSA will remain uncertain until the robert swindells online passage of the Financial Services and Markets Bill (to be introduced into Parliament later this year).

On the basis of the draft bill, the FSA will incorporate the functions of nine separate authorities. The draft Bill sets out clear statutory objectives for the FSA in pursuing its regulatory functions. The May 1998 Memorandum of Understanding between the BoE, the FSA and the Treasury should help ensure effective working arrangements between the institutions. 16. Open process for formulating and reporting of monetary and positivism, financial policies: The BoE's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), the policy making body, meets monthly with minutes of meetings being published within two weeks. These minutes and the BoE's Inflation Report provide effective vehicles for communication. The draft Bill requires the FSA to consult on (and publish cost/benefit analyses of) all new rules and for these to be published. Modern Computer! The FSA may also be required to publish policies in other areas such as enforcement procedures and penalties. 17. Public availability of information: The Bank produces regular press releases on statistics, MPC decisions and other Bank issues and its balance sheet is released as part of its Annual Report. U.K. official holdings of foreign currency and gold are published monthly in consultation with the Treasury.

The Bank and the FSA both have a public web site. The FSA is required to publish and consult on its budget and fees proposals. 18. Accountability and assurance of integrity by the central bank and post positivism, financial supervisory agency: The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who is to kill a mockingbird, accountable to Parliament, has overall responsibility for the monetary policy framework and sets the inflation target. The Bank sets interest rates to achieve the target. The Governor of the positivism Bank and other members of the MPC regularly appear before the House of Commons' Treasury Select Committee. The MPC is accountable for significant divergences of inflation from its target through an open letter system. 11 The draft Bill would require the FSA to report annually on performance against the statutory objectives. Other accountability provisions in the draft Bill include non-executive members of the FSA Board being required to report on the efficiency of its operations; the consultation arrangements required on new rules; the formation of consumer and practitioner panels; and scope for the Treasury to commission periodic value for and Biotechnology money audits.

Senior members of the FSA will also be expected to appear before Parliamentary committees. B. IMF Staff Commentary on the Monetary Policy Framework. The new monetary policy framework is highly transparent with respect to all four principles underlying the draft Code. The frank style and the short time lag in the publication of the MPC minutes provides for an effective transmission of information on the MPC decision-making process. Reducing the time lag on post positivism the publication of the Minutes is commendable and should be continued. The open letter system is a recent innovation and it will be important to see how it operates in practice. The remit of the MPC is clear - to set interest rates to ensure the Government's inflation target is met - and white apple, the MPC has operational freedom to go about this task. All this is consistent with the draft Code. Transparency could be further enhanced if the post positivism Inflation Report were to incorporate some of the qualitative flavor of the MPC minutes, for example, by indicating how the forecast had been developed, where there were major differences among the MPC members regarding economic assumptions, the prospects and the perceived risks. The legislative basis for the FSA's role is under consideration at this time and the transparency of financial policies will need to be reviewed against the legislation enacted. It will be important in the forthcoming legislation, and the regulations that flow from it, to ensure that the regulatory and supervisory activities of the gross skills FSA are transparent and accountable.

The draft legislation provides an indication of the elements that may be included. While the capacity of Ministers to dismiss the FSA Board is part of the general political accountability framework, and these powers are constrained through administrative law and access to post appeals mechanisms, transparency would be enhanced if the general grounds on which the Government may dismiss the Board were to be publicized more widely. (See also Section V. Banking Supervision.) 19. The Basle Committee on Banking Supervision (Basle Committee) prepared the Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (Core Principles) in order to tobias wolff this life strengthen national financial market supervision and stability. 12 Intended to serve as a basic reference and minimum standards for supervisory and other public authorities in positivism, countries generally and internationally, the Core Principles address the major dimensions of banking sector supervision: preconditions for effective supervision; licensing process and gross, approval for changes in structure; prudential regulations and post positivism, requirements; methods of tobias wolff this life ongoing banking supervision; information requirements; formal powers of supervisors; and, cross-border banking. 20.

An assessment of U.K. practices against positivism, the full set of 25 Basle Core Principles is outside the scope of this study. Instead, this section focuses on logo png the transparency aspects of the Core Principles. The staff's commentary is based on consideration of a questionnaire completed by the authorities and discussion with the authorities at the time of the 1998 Article IV Consultation. 21. The Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA) has been established to bring together in one agency responsibility for the authorization and positivism, supervision of all providers of financial services 14 It can autonomously issue prudential regulations under powers delegated to it by Parliament. The draft Financial Services and gross and fine motor, Markets Bill (to be introduced into Parliament later this year) will develop and further clarify these powers.

The income of the FSA comes from the institutions it supervises. 22. Legal framework: An effective legal basis for financial sector regulation and super- vision already exists in the United Kingdom, relevant laws and regulations are effectively implemented, and the legal framework does not hinder the conclusion or enforcement of loan contracts. The UK approach can be characterized as allowing a considerable degree of discretion to positivism the supervisory authorities. The passage of the life draft Bill will create a single regulatory authority with a consistent set of objectives, duties and powers.

By eliminating the scope for gaps and overlap, this Bill should further increase the effectiveness of existing arrangements. Under the positivism present and proposed arrangements, should certain prudential standards be breached, the life FSA must by law consider what action to take to remedy or mitigate the situation but, in most cases, the law gives the FSA considerable freedom to ensure that the response fits the positivism need. In order to ensure accountability for these powers, the this life new legislative framework will require widespread consultation on regulations and detailed guidelines. In addition, the laws and regulations provide to post affected parties the right of referral against supervisory decisions to an independent tribunal. Modern Computer! For now, the FSA is operating under the legislation of its predecessor institutions. 23. Accounting and disclosure aspects: External audits of annual financial statements of all companies, including financial institutions, are required by the U.K. Companies Act; however, this requirement does not apply to banks incorporated outside the United Kingdom which are subject to the legal requirements ruling in the country where they are registered. The appointment of a bank's external auditor does not require supervisory approval, but the appointment of its reporting accountants (usually the post positivism same firm) does.

The external auditor is obliged to inform the FSA of matters relevant to effective supervision or the auditor's ability to issue a clean opinion. 24. Compliance with U.K. accounting standards is required. 15 Regular publication of balance sheets, profit and loss statement, notes to the account, and auditor's statement is required by U.K. law. All public companies are required to issued consolidated annual financial statements. B. IMF Staff Commentary. While existing supervisory practices in the areas outlined above already appear consistent with the disclosure aspects of the Basle Core Principles, the picture can be expected to become somewhat sharper once the current period of white logo regulatory transition is resolved, in particular with the passage of legislation underpinning the FSA.

Given the considerable discretion that the law allows the FSA, it will be important for post the new arrangements to provide sufficient accountability to ensure that the discretion is used appropriately. This includes arrangements for consultation with interested parties on policies and regulations, as well as opportunities for those affected by this boy's, the FSA's decisions to positivism have adequate redress to an independent tribunal and ultimately to The Sociological Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology the courts. 25. The Financial Services Act 1986 establishes the framework for regulation of investment business. While this Act vests in the Treasury overall responsibility for ensuring its implementation, it also provides for delegation of positivism most operational responsibilities, and to kill a mockingbird whole book, the majority of these now rest with the Financial Services Authority (FSA). 26.

The Financial Services and Markets Bill, issued in draft and to positivism be introduced to Parliament later this year, proposes to consolidate the power and responsibilities of the FSA by amalgamating banking, insurance and investment business regulation under its authority as a single regulator. 27. The FSA is directly accountable to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, but the Chairman and tobias wolff this life, other senior representatives will also appear, as required, before the Treasury Committee of the House of Commons. Attitude to positivism international standards and cooperation. 28. The FSA endorsed the International Organization of Securities Commissions' (IOSCO) standards, Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation and Cross-Border Offerings and Initial Listings by white apple logo png, Foreign Issuers , in September 1998 17 . 29. Investment business regulation is already required to be carried out in the UK to the level of post positivism these standards. However, checking that this is the case, and making necessary adjustments where appropriate, is one of the FSA's priority areas for 1999 (FSA is a member of IOSCO's implementation task force). The standard on modern computer Cross-Border Offerings will be implemented by amending the Listing Rules of the London Stock Exchange as appropriate. Documents prepared to the IOSCO standard will still be pre-vetted by the London Stock Exchange in the normal manner.

30. The FSA has arrangements for regulatory cooperation both within the United Kingdom and with foreign regulatory authorities. It has endorsed the post positivism principal international information-sharing agreements and resolutions, and signed Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) with many foreign counterparts. The U.K. authorities administer legal powers to obtain information on a compulsory basis for foreign regulators when there is this boy's, no breach of rule or law in the United Kingdom. 31. The proposed Financial Services and Markets Bill will set up a single statutory regulator, the post Financial Services Authority, which will be responsible for the regulation of banking, insurance and investment business. The FSA will replace the current self-regulatory organizations.

32. On the markets side, the new Bill will continue to provide for the recognition and exemption of clearing houses and investment exchanges (such as the London Stock Exchange) provided they meet a number of statutory requirements. 33. The Bill also introduces a new civil regime for dealing with unacceptable market conduct, such as price manipulation and the misuse of privileged information. This regime will complement, not replace, the The Sociological of Nanotechnology existing criminal offences of insider dealing and market manipulation.

Its aim is to protect the post positivism efficiency and integrity of robert read markets. The FSA will be given powers to positivism investigate and impose administrative fines on Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology Essays those whose conduct has fallen short of the post required standards. The draft Bill will contain broad provisions defining what constitutes unacceptable conduct and will be supplemented by a more detailed code of to kill a mockingbird market conduct which the FSA will be required to positivism produce. 34. The current framework for regulation of insurance companies is established by the Insurance Companies Act 1982 . White Apple Png! While this Act vests in the Treasury overall responsibility for positivism supervision of insurance activities, most day-to-day operational responsibilities have been delegated to the Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA). 35. As noted above, the boy's life Financial Services and Markets Bill, to be introduced into Parliament later this year, would amalgamate authority for banking, insurance and investment regulation and supervision under the power and responsibilities of the FSA. 36.

The FSA is positivism, directly accountable to the Chancellor, but the Chairman and other senior representatives also appear, as required, before the Treasury Committee of the House of Commons. Observance of international principles and standards in insurance regulation. 37. During 1998, the United Kingdom conducted a self-assessment of its observance of the International Association of Insurance Supervisors' (IAIS) Insurance Supervisory Principles (September 1997). The U.K. authorities reported that its practices were in substantial compliance with all the relevant principles. 38. The U.K. authorities also seek to comply with the provisions of the IAIS' Principles Applicable to the Supervision of International Insurers and Insurance groups and their Cross-Border Establishments (September 1997). 19 However, the authorities consider that it will be some time before insurance supervisors, with their current emphasis on solo supervision, exchange information internationally at the same level and on tobias wolff this life the same frequency as other financial regulators. 39. The United Kingdom endorses the post principles outlined in the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on Licensing (October 1998), and of Nanotechnology, considers that its application goes beyond the standard's requirement in positivism, a number of areas, for example, in relation to the assessment of the capital required for a license. These licensing requirements are also applied to pure re-insurers.

40. The United Kingdom takes a different approach to verifying data and information than set out in motor, the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on On-Site Inspection (October 1998). Although the U.K. supervisory authority has the power to require on-site inspections, such inspections are not a regular part of the day-to-day prudential supervision of insurance companies (although the monitoring of the market conduct of life insurers can involve on-site inspection). Insurance companies are required to provide an post, annual audited return to the supervisory authority, which is separate from the accounts to shareholders but is stone cold robert swindells read online, similarly placed on public record. The return contains information on the business carried on, assets and liabilities, the reinsurance program and the profits and losses incurred. In addition, the appointed actuary of a life insurance company is also required to produce a report. These documents are subject to close scrutiny by the supervisory authority, whose knowledge of regulated companies is supplemented by a regular visit program. 41. The United Kingdom considers that it fully complies with the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on Derivatives (October 1998), which sets out risk management controls for insurers active in derivatives and a reporting framework that can be applied across a full range of potential derivative activities. The standard recognizes that supervisory approaches to derivatives are evolving in response to developments on the market and provides guidance to supervisors in assessing how insurers control risks in derivatives. 42.

The IAIS has also issued Guidance on Insurance Regulation and Supervision for Emerging Market Economies (September 1997) and a model memorandum of understanding (MOU) designed to facilitate co-operation and the exchange of information between regulatory bodies. Post! The guidance paper is not directly applicable in the case of the United Kingdom. With regard to the development of white apple information exchange, the U.K. authorities are considering MOU with jurisdictions in which U.K. insurers are particularly active. Setting accounting standards in positivism, the United Kingdom. 43. Accounting standards are set by the Accounting Standards Board (ASB) , an independent body that became operational in 1990; these standards are known as Financial Reporting Standards (FRSs).

21 The ASB is modern computer, also developing a Statement of Principles for Financial Reporting to provide a framework in which standards can be established. 44. The accounting and disclosure requirements of accounting standards, together with those of the Companies Acts, the Stock Exchange Listing Rules (for listed companies), and other statements from the ASB and other professional bodies form the main components of what is known as U.K. Generally Accepted Accounting Practice (GAAP). The ASB's policy towards international accounting standard setting. 45. The ASB's accounting standards (FRSs) are the positivism United Kingdom's vehicle for implementing International Accounting Standards (IASs). 22 The ASB's policy is to depart from the international consensus only when particular legal and fiscal problems dictate such a course, or when it believes that an independent U.K. The Sociological! standard may point the way to an eventual improvement in international standard.

In practice, the ASB plays a role in the development of IASs. 23. 46. Post Positivism! The ASB considers that in a mockingbird, some respects its FRSs go beyond the requirements of the IAS, including in the following areas: dealing with off-balance sheet finance (FRS5 Reporting the Substance of Transactions ); accounting for associates: the U.K. standard (but not IAS) requires disclosure of detailed information about significant associates; accounting for joint ventures: the U.K. standard does not permit proportional consolidation, whereas IAS does; acquisition accounting-goodwill: IAS allows certain provisions to be made, if part of the acquisition plan, the U.K. standard does not. Other differences arise on positivism such issues as treatment of goodwill, pensions and deferred tax. 24. 47. The IAS also has one specific standard on revenue recognition for which there is no equivalent U.K. standard.

However, this difference is unlikely to robert online be material as requirements for revenue recognition are contained in other U.K. standards. Promulgation and enforcement of positivism standards. 48. Modern Computer! Under the U.K. Companies Act, the accounting requirements of which are largely based on the EU Fourth and Seventh Company Law Directives, annual accounts are required to positivism give a true and fair view. In turn, compliance with ASB accounting standards is required as part of the whole book achievement of such a view.

25 While not themselves law, accounting standards are underpinned by statute and have the effect of the force of law. 49. To assist its work in developing standards, the ASB has established an Urgent Issues Task Force (UITF).The main purpose of the UITF is to assist the ASB in areas where an accounting standard or Companies Act provision exists, but where unsatisfactory or conflicting interpretations have developed or seem likely to develop. 50. Enforcement of standards occurs through the U.K. Financial Reporting Review Panel, which is authorized by the Secretary of State for Trade and post positivism, Industry to examine material departures from the accounting requirements of the Companies Act, including departures from the gross and fine requirements of accounting standards.

The Panel does not routinely review annual accounts for post compliance, but rather relies on matters being brought to its attention. Setting auditing standards in the UK. 51. Auditing standards are established by the Auditing Practices Board (APB) . Modern Computer! The APB was established in 1991, as a committee of the Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies (CCAB), whose members are the main accountancy bodies in positivism, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. 27 28. 52. The role of the APB is not explicitly recognized in legislation and its pronouncements do not have any statutory authority.

However, the Companies Act 1989 requires that the recognized supervisory bodies 29 must have rules and practices as to The Sociological of Nanotechnology the technical standards to be applied in company audit work and that these must be adhered to by registered auditors. 53. The accountancy bodies, which are members of the CCAB, have undertaken to adopt and promulgate all auditing standards and guidance issued by post, the APB as requirements for their members. Failure to follow a requirement established by the APB can result in disciplinary action by the professional body to which the auditor belongs. Non-compliance by a registered auditor with an APB requirement in the course of an and fine, audit may lead to regulatory action and, in extreme cases, withdrawal of registration to act as a company auditor. Responsibility for regulatory action, including withdrawal of eligibility to act as a company auditor, rests with the Recognized Supervisory Bodies. 54. Pronouncements of the APB are of several types:

Statements of Auditing Standards (SASs) contain basic principles and post positivism, essential procedures with which auditors are required to comply in the conduct of any audit of financial statements. (SASs also include explanatory and a mockingbird book, other material designed to assist auditors in positivism, interpreting and applying the standards.) Practice Notes are issued to assist in applying auditing standards of general nature to particular circumstances and industries, and Bulletins provide guidance on emerging issues. Both of these are persuasive rather than prescriptive in nature; they are intended to modern computer be indicative of good practice. Relationship between SASs and international standards. 55. The APB's terms of reference provide for it to maintain close links with the International Auditing Practices Committee (IAPC) 30 , the auditing profession in Europe and throughout the world. The APB represents the United Kingdom on the IAPC. 56. It is an objective of the APB that its SASs are consistent with the IAPC's International Standards on Auditing (ISAs); however, this is not an absolute constraint and the APB assesses the positivism appropriateness of each ISA in the context of the United Kingdom and boy's, the Republic of Ireland.

Each SAS either states that compliance with it ensures compliance in all material respects with the relevant ISA or gives a short explanation of differences. 57. The APB has benchmarked its standards against ISAs. Of the 192 separate requirements of the ISAs, SASs were judged to be compliant with 155. In the post APB's view, most of the and fine motor 37 exceptions reflect points of emphasis rather than substance, and in some cases variations reflected a different approach it consciously adopted to achieve the same objective as the ISAs.